What are your students’ views about learning and intelligence?
Do they think intelligence is “fixed” and that being smart means always being right without having to work too hard? Or do they think intelligence is something they can grow through constant practice and seeking new challenges?
In “Even Geniuses Work Hard,” noted psychology expert Carol Dweck explains the importance of developing a growth mind-set among students and establishing classroom factors that encourage a love of learning—not just being right. Dweck’s tips for creating a growth mind-set in your classroom include
- Praising the process—effort, choices, and persistence—not just success.
- Giving opportunities for, and discussing the value of, slow learning.
- Engaging students in goal-setting and reflecting on something they did that required a growth mind-set.
- Coaching students to expect (and, eventually, get excited about) challenging work.
- Designing homework tasks that stretch new learning to novel applications or to the next level.
- Considering how grading can evolve to recognize persistent effort and growth over time.
How does your classroom recognize hard work and growth, not just right answers?